HANUMAN- DHOKA DURRBAR SQUARE
A large portion of the social places of Nepal are concentrated around the Kathmandu Valley: among those social locales, the significant one is the Hanuman-dhoka Durbar Square situated at the core of antiquated city Kathmandu, it is a complex of wonderful sanctuaries and sanctums, both Hindu and Buddhist. The vast majority of them are underlying the pagoda style adorned with unpredictably cut outsides, worked between the twelfth and eighteenth hundreds of years. The Durbar Square with its old sanctuaries, castles, typifies the strict and social existence of the individuals. It is here that rulers of Nepal are delegated and their crowning ceremonies solemnized. Until the mid-twentieth century, Durbar Square was the King's living arrangement. It is a living open historical center of Nepal.
The name Hanuman-dhoka Durbar originated from the sculpture of Hanuman set up by King Pratap Malla at the passageway of the illustrious castle in 1672 A.D. The nine-storeyed habitation worked by King Prithvi Narayan Shah in 1770, is called Basantapurr Durbar. The entire complex is otherwise called Kathmandu Durbar Square. The royal residence complex was initially established during the Lichchavi time frame, yet as it stands today the vast majority of it was developed by King Pratap Malla in the seventeenth century. The royal residence was redesigned ordinarily in later years. The building remains and workmanship objects inside the castle complex presently existing are from the Malla, Shah, and Rana times of Nepal.
The Durbar Square region is really comprised of two sub-zones. The external complex is eminent for various fascinating sanctuaries as Kumari Ghar, Kasthamandap, Shiva-Parbati Temple, Jagannath Temple, Big Bell, and so forth, while the internal complex includes the old castle territory, Hanuman-dhoka and its yards as Nasal Chowk, Lohan Chowk, Mohan Chowk, Basantapur Durbar and others. There are many temples in the inner complex also, most notably being the Taleju Temple dedicated to female royal deity, The area includes ten courtyards these days, but prior the great earthquake of 1934, the area was expanded up to New Road Gate including thirty-five courtyards.
The Hanuman-dhoka Royal palace is included in the protected Monument one along with other private buildings. The site is enlisted in the World Heritage Site of UNESCO along with other six monument zones of Kathmandu Valley in October 1979.
Besides the magnificent temples and shrines, other interesting aspects are various festivals, cultural activities and traditions people are following from centuries, which are presented in the Durbar Square,